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American Academy of Pediatrics Classification of Sports




Boxing, field hockey, football, ice hockey, lacrosse, martial arts, rodeo, soccer, wrestling 

Limited Contact/Impact

Baseball, basketball, bicycling, diving, field events, gymnastics, horseback riding, skating, skiing, softball, squash, volleyball 

Strenuous Noncontact

Aerobic dancing, crew, fencing, running, swimming, tennis, track, weight lifting 

Moderately Strenuous Contact

Badminton, curling, table tennis 

Nonstrenuous Contact

Archery, golf, riflery 

Advantages of Mouth Guards

1. They prevent the tongue, lips and cheeks from being lacerated against the sharp edges of the maxillary teeth.

2. They lessen the risk of injury to the anterior maxillary teeth by about 90%.

3. They lessen the risk of damage to the posterior teeth of either jaw following a blow delivered to the inferior aspect of the mandible which causes traumatic closure of the mandible to occur. Such an impact can cause cusp fractures and tooth infractions.

4. They lessen the risk of jaw fractures by absorbing the energy of a traumatic blow to the chin.

5. They lessen the risk of concussion occurring subsequent to an impact to the mandible from either in front or below because full posterior translation of the condyles is prevented, reducing the level of force transmitted from the condyles to the base of the skull.

6. They improve the confidence of players. Athletes concentrate their efforts on the execution of their sport.

Types of Mouth Guards

The American Society for Testing And Materials (ASTM) utilizes this classification:

Type I: Stock

Type II: Mouth formed

Type III: Custom-fabricated (over a model)